Il Manifesto

At the end of 1969, a debate took place about the Italian Communist Party’s Euro-Communism and its approach to the 1968 movement. This occurred shortly after Italy’s “hot autumn”, where, unlike Germany, workers were active in the protests.

The debate resulted in the exclusion from the party of a group of politicians linked to Rossana Rossanda and Luigi Pintor. From 1971, and together with a number of other individuals, they began publishing the daily newspaper il manifesto; it adopted a number of positions that were independent of the Italian Communist Party.