Antonio Gramsci and the Gramsci “lines”

As part of the factional fighting that occurred between the Italian communists in the 1920s, Antonio Gramsci was not only a counterparty to Bordiga, he also won out against him.

From 1926, when he was being held in prison by the fascists, Gramsci compiled 32 Prison Notebooks, which were multi-themed, and full of philosophical, sociological and political considerations. The Prison Notebooks still form an important point of contact for theoretical and practical currents in Marxism and various connecting lines have been drawn up by “successor generations” that refer to Gramscian thought. These include a “Euro-Communist” line stretching from Gramsci to the General Secretary of the Italian Communist Party Palmiro Togliatti and his successor Enrico Berlinguer.