Theories and Debates following Marx
The "following" in "Theories and Debates following Marx" does not refer only, and in a purely chronological sense, to the worldwide development that followed upon Marx's critique. It also points to a thematic development that takes Marx's critique as its starting point and has had to re-invent itself repeatedly, and to this day, be it as critique of religion or philosophy, of economics or politics, or as a comprehensive critique of bourgeois-capitalist society.
In order to rise to the challenge of presenting an overview of "Theories and Debates following Marx," we have, first, made use of distinctions and definitions that are widely familiar and accepted, including at an international level. Secondly, we have tried to relate systematic/thematic distinctions to chronological/historical periods.
Therefore we have distinguished three major groups or periods within the entirety of theories and debates: (1) "Classical Marxism" (also called "Traditional Marxism"), (2) "Western and Heterodox Marxism" and (3) "Re-engagement with Marx since the 1960s." A fourth section provides an overview of instances in which links between a Marx-based critique and other theories and critiques of society have emerged.
This distinction allows for an initial, proximate orientation and is rendered more precise through further distinction within each of the four fields. We provide a brief account of the theoretical current and aspect of the larger debate under debate. Where a historical periodisation makes sense, we state when the theories and debates in question emerged or reached their climax or period of substantial significance. In some cases, we provide helpful links, although it should not be assumed that they always lead to the most important or relevant texts, books or websites.
Naturally, such overviews must posit limits and make use of "labels" whenever developments and periods, asynchronicities and overlay predominate. While such limits and attempts at categorisation are, as it were, themselves part of the debates they are intended to structure, they can nevertheless provide orientation and opportunities for first engagement with the issue within the complex field of "critique following Marx."